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Electric Vehicles are gradually becoming very popular in the Indian market. While the choices are still pretty limited in the mass-market EV space, people have started considering them as a perfect secondary car for intra-city commutes. A major hurdle that comes in India’s transition to green mobility is the limited charging infrastructure. People mostly have to charge their electric cars at home. Now, in case you are wondering what are the different types of electric charging points that the car manufacturers use? Fret not, as in this article, we will be explaining just that!
There are various ways to charge your electric car’s battery pack. One can charge it at their own home, at their nearest car dealership, or at a public charging station. In general, there are three categories or types of charging, namely Trickle Charge, AC Charge, and DC Charge. We have explained them in the latter part of the article. But, prior to that, let’s have a closer look at the different types of connectors. Globally, there are four main types of connectors to charge an electric car. They are explained in the table below.
Types of Electric Charging Points that the Car Manufacturers Use:
|Charging Type||AC Charging||AC Charging||DC Fast Charging||DC Fast Charging|
|No. Of Pins||5||7||4||9|
|Capacity||Up to 11 kW||Up to 43 kW||50 kW – 100 kW||Up to 170 kW|
|Voltage||120 V / 220 V||230 V / 400 V||500 V||450 V / 480 V|
|Current Rating||Up to 32 A||Up to 63 A||125 A||125 A|
Types of Electric Charging in India:
Trickle Charge: Trickle Charge is also called Level 1 EV charging in India. These types of chargers provide charging through a standard three plug that comes with your EV and is rated at 120V in India. They are very slow chargers and usually take around 16-24 hours to fully charge the battery of an electric car, depending upon the total battery capacity of your EV.
AC Charge: Next, we have the AC chargers, which are also called Level 2 EV charging in India. They are the most widely used option in our country. These types of chargers operate at 230V and are 3-4 times faster than Trickle Charge. Depending on the EV, it can take around 6-10 hours to charge an electric car using AC chargers.
DC Charge: Finally, we have the DC fast chargers, which are also called the Level 3 EV charging in India. DC chargers are the fastest among the trio and they usually operate at 450-480V. With the help of a DC fast charger, an electric car can be charged up to 80 percent in less than an hour. However, they are very expensive and mostly found in public places only.
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